City Gardening Horticulture in the News -Feb04

   Gardening in the Headlines

A round-up of the past few weeks news of interest to gardeners



         Rooftop gardens may face an unforeseen hazard, reports Landscape Architect magazine: insurance. Some insurers are pulling out of rooftop projects. Jim Letazow of Leatzow & Associates says the reason is tremendous potential for huge claims: It snowballs into a claim from hell.



         The battle of the Asian long-horned beetle continues in northwest Toronto and adjacent Vaughan as up to 10,000 trees are removed this winter, hopefully to curtail the illegal migrant. More information is available by calling the forestry departments in Toronto at 416-338-TREE or Vaughan at 905-832-8377 ext. 6137.

        Ever notice how they cut down the trees to build the neighbourhood, they name the streets after them?  from the cartoon Ziggy [Toronto Sun, January]

         The prize to the winner of each event in the original Olympics was a crown of wild olive spruce, says Evangelos Venizelos, Hellenic Minister of Culture, or it least his underlings who prepared the blurb to persuade us to visit Greece this August. The Greeks were advanced but such hybridization is a pretty nifty horticultural trick. Bit uncomfortable though spruce means sharp,  in reference to the needles.

         Singapore's plans to expand the island of Pulau Tekong by 33-square-kilometres comes to a soggy thump against the mangrove swamps of neighbouring Malaysia's Johor River. The trees will topple over, charges ecologist Ving Ching Chong of the University of Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur.



         Paintings of little daisies wind through the inscription Harley Davidson of the lavender-coloured motorcycle owned by 63-year-old movie actress Ann-Margaret.

        I agree that most promoters of native plants are on a mission, but the constantly repeated message that the advantage of growing native plant species is that they are adapted to local areas, require less maintenance, watering and chemical controls, contribute to diversity and provide habitat for wildlife, is not totally true. In fact, introduced species often provide these very advantages, especially in urban areas. David Tomlinson, famed horticulturist, consultant and owner of Merlins Hollow, Aurora, in Landscape Trades magazine.

         The South American Begonia gracilis manipulates the sex ratio of its offspring, the first plant found capable of this, report Cesar Dominguez and Sergio Lopez and the Independent National University of Mexico in the Journal of Evolutionary Biology.


Down in the Vegetables

         In Germany, a man returns a newly purchased computer after discovering it stuffed with small potatoes. He receives a replacement at no charge. A second attempt at the scam interests the police.

         It was every rabbits dream: a tractor-trailer load of carrots spills over Highway 401 following an accident in southwest Ontario.

         Manitoba inspectors at a weigh station on the Trans-Canada Highway eyed a load of potatoes with suspicion when told they were being delivered from B.C. to Toronto and found the shipment concealed 37 kg of cocaine and 100 kg of marijuana.

         Broccoli fields surround Santa Maria, California it is located in the principal broccoli growing area of that state and just happens right now to be famous as the location of the Michael Jackson trial.


Fruit & Nuts

         Lithuanian officials speculate that a tonne of bananas discovered on a Baltic beach in their country was in fact washed overboard from a merchant ship. Amazing deduction you mean to say they didnt grow there?

         Every cloud has a silver lining and every persistent cold its ice wine grape harvest. Now British Columbia is going neck-to-wine-bottle-neck with Niagara, making a prime harvest of the premium frozen fruit since the year 2000.

         Governor James McGreevey declares the blueberry New Jerseys state berry. Growers in New Brunswick turn blue in the face.

         A reduction in pesticide use by Californias grape producers has been welcome news. However, a state entomologist suggests that this has led to an increased population of black widow spiders, which are being exported gratis to places where the do not naturally exist like Canada.

         Guests of Her Majesty in Collins Bay Penitentiary were delighted to receive tangerines this past festive season, which turned out to be very, very festive indeed after said tangerines were converted into home brew. Noting numerous pie-eyed prisoners, searches were conducted and at least 500 litres confiscated by the authorities.

         Coating apples with a red-wine extract stops them from going mouldy for up to seven weeks, reports New Scientist magazine


Spices and Herbs

         A herbal sauna goes to sea: the new Cunard liner Queen Mary 2s Canyon Ranch Spa includes this necessity for gracious travel.

         Some time back, we mentioned that catnip not only drives domestic felines to frenzy but also has the same effect on lions. Now New Scientist magazine notes other wild cats such as cougars and lynx may be similarly affected.



         Covering the Toronto political scene, columnist John Barber of The Globe and Mail suggests the citys homeless take advantage of Mayor Millers new open door policy to storm his office and pee and his office plants.

         Much to a somewhat nave National Post reporters puzzlement, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger receives a US$50 orchid came from Democratic opponent Cruz Bustamante and a second orchid from NBC anchor Tim Brokaw. In the 1920s and 1930s, refined women would use the expression orchids to you! instead of something more uncouth. Could Governor Schwarzenegger's genitalia be questioned in this manner? Gardening teaches us so much.



         The woolly burdock, Arctium tomentosum, an exotic Eurasian invader that is rare in Toronto, but which Eva Davis, highly recommends in the Toronto Field Naturalist newsletter as a garden ornamental:  Some times up to 8 feet tall with sturdy, greyish stalks red-veined, extending sculptural arms topped by a plethora of silvery, oval pompoms, each knob intricately meshed as though fairy fingers had woven it.


Bugs and Gardeners

         Approval of the pesticide imidaclorpid, found helpful against the Asia long-horned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, in Chicago, is speeded up by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, much to the horror of the greenie brigades who, of course, can offer no control other than clear cutting all trees up to 400 metres of an infected specimen.

         Toronto alternative weakly NOWs Carilyn Zwerenstein goes ballistic when the citys board of health passes a proposal to approve the pesticide imidacloprid for use against the Asian long-horned beetle this April the very month Torontos bylaw banning citizens from using pesticides comes into effect.

         Ten tree-removal crews have removed about a thousand out of the 10,000 trees expected to be cut down in Torontos battle against the Asian long-horned beetle. Suspected infestations should be reported immediately to 1-800-442-2342. Information on this pest is at

         Panic-stricken by three discoveries in the Ottawa area of black widow spiders in purchased grapes, bureaucrats in the nations capital issue a warning to all Canadians: Kill, kill, kill do not attempt live capture. No deaths from such an arachnid bite have been reported in years from Canada or the U.S.

         Were there slugs in John Cleeses salad days? The famous Dead Parrot Sketch from Monty Python is fondly recalled by many, but who remembers it ends with Cleese accepting a tame slug from pet shop owner Michael Palin, who assures him it can talk?

         The marsh periwinkle, Littoraria irrorata, a snail that lives exclusively among the salt marsh grasses of the U.S. eastern seaboard, cultivates fungus for its food, researcher Brian Silliman of the University of Georgia, Athens, has discovered.

         A monarch butterfly, tagged near Whitby, Ontario, on 21 September, was found five days later near Reedsville, Ohio, close to the border with West Virginia, a distance of 359 miles, travelling about 72 miles a day, notes Don Davis in the Toronto Field Naturalist newsletter.


For the Birds

         California-based Center for Biological Diversity files a lawsuit in San Francisco, claiming two major wind-power companies in that state have been pulping eagles, hawks and owls in about 2,700 giant turbines in Californias Altamont Pass. The action dismays clean-air lobbyists.

         In Ontario, a breeding bird count carried out by volunteers every June has recorded a 2 per cent annual drop in the relative abundance of scarlet tanagers since 1968. Between 1993 and last year, however, the decline was almost 7 per cent a year, writes Peter Calamai in the Toronto Star.



         An original use for manure was found by Spanish artist Sergio Fernandez of Casacab, near Oviedo. He used quantities of dung to form an enormous portrait of defunct terrorist Che Guevara.


Gardening in the City

         We have been informed that 2004 is the Year of the Gnome, according to the International Gnome Club of you guessed it California. This item will be repeated regularly for those with short memories.

         Liz Lewis, a single mother of three, moved to Peterborough, Ontario, from Toronto in 1999 and joined the citys horticultural society, writes Chris Nuttall-Smith in the National Post. A Peterborough entrepreneur, she owns Black Cat Enterprises, a distributor of Canadian fetish and BDSM Bondage, Domination, Submission, Masochism gear. Ms. Lewis also publishes Whiplash, Canadas glossy fetish magazine. Gardeners are a resourceful crowd with wide-ranging interests.

         One Sutton Place South, New York, is one of the worlds premier addresses at US$2.5-million for a simple 2-bedroom apartment. Alas and alack, while New York City bungleaucrats strangely overlooked the information that their tony garden overlooking the East River was on city land, the Parks Department has not. Residents may have had exclusive access to it for over 60 years, but now the hoi poloi want it back. It is hard being rich.

         Never mind the raiding raccoons and scrabbling squirrels think deer, lots of deer. A herd of 500-plus has descended on Magrath, south of Lethbridge, Alberta, devastating gardens and making driving distinctly hazardous. This being Alberta, where men are men and gardens valued, the province agreed to a restricted season to cull the herd. Magrath trees and shrubs now remain unmolested, gardens pristine . . . and some very tasty meals served.

         We hardly like to tell Magrath this, but researchers at Texas A&M University have created the first cloned deer. Named Dewey, he is now approaching a year old.

         A most beautiful 6-point white-tailed deer is reported being seen by Roger Powley, writing in the Toronto Field Naturalist newsletter, in a well-travelled ravine leading off the west side of Torontos Don River not far from Pottery Road at Bayview.

         You may not appreciate Bette Midler as a performer. As founder though of the New York Restoration Project (NYRP) in 1995, she has beautified Gotham by making it greener, specifically by restoring and maintaining public spaces and parks in less-affluent neighbourhoods, reports Landscape Architect magazine.

         Enjoy your gardening this coming season. You only have 22 billion more years until the universe rips itself apart, according to physicists at the California Institute of Technology at Pasadena. We thought you would like to know so as to plan your gardening calendar.



         The Nutrite lawn fertilizer facility burnt to the ground in Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec, with losses estimated at over $1-million. Local environmentalists refrained from telling firefighters to go to blazes.


Science and the Gardener

         Examining 8,000-year-old air bubbles trapped in Antarctic ice, Bill Ruddiman of the University of Virginia announces that commencing with agriculture, global climate changes attributable to human activity become pronounced with a consequent rise of carbon dioxide.

         A group of 19 international researchers claim in the journal Nature that global warming could cause the extinction of 33% of the 1,103 native species they studied.

         The gnome of the mustard family weed Arabidopsis thaliana yields yet more glimpses into the secret lives of plants as researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison discover genes that allow flowering only after exposure to winter cold. And at the John Innes Centre, Norwich, England, another team of researchers discover how the chemical changes in Arabidopsis allows the plants to remember that they have gone through a cold period.

         Insects breathe by actively squeezing and releasing the tracheae in their head and thorax like tiny bellows, reports New Scientist magazine. Another lesson from Entomology 101 goes down the drain. Didnt the wretched beasts simply diffuse oxygen from the atmosphere?

         Plant DNA 400,000 years old is recovered intact from Siberian permafrost, the oldest yet Jurassic Park not withstanding.

         Amazon tribal lore has it that jaguars get their hallucinogenic highs by chewing on Banisteriopsis caapi, a tropical liana. Not so, says Eloy Rodriguez, a physical chemist from Cornell University it frees them of intestinal parasites.

         The silver spotted skipper caterpillar fires its dung away from its leafy shelter so that it doesnt attract predators, says New Scientist magazine. In doing this, it achieves the human equivalent of 76 metres or 12 houses down the street, the weekly publication reports.

         Researchers plan to put termites destructive powers to good use by persuading them to eat plastic garbage bags, reports the New Scientist magazine



         The Great British Heritage Pass helps save up to 40% on admission fees to almost 600 gardens, castles and historic houses throughout Britain . . . which may brace you somewhat against the extraordinary costs, lack of courtesy and dismal transportation of that upright, tight isle. For more, check out

         If youre from Canadas Wet Coast, or even Alberta, you probably prefer Hawaii to Florida. Other Canucks should follow and check out the ecotourism company Hawaii Forest and Trail on Koa, or The Big Island, for short of long guided tours of everything from native forests to coastal deserts and even high in the sky to active volcanoes.

         Appalled by Brazils treatment of American visitors, Rio de Janeiro attempts to make amends by presenting arriving female tourists with a rose at the Tom Jobim International Airport. This from a country famed for its orchids which are also a lot safer to tuck into a bikini on Rios beautiful beaches.

         Heathfield Nurseries, Surrey, an English garden centre, has an added attraction: Charlie the Parrot in not only 104 years old but, so it claims, once belonged to Winston Churchill under whose care the parrots profanities concerning Hitler reached new heights. Alas, the story is proven to be only for bird-brains and readers of Brit tabloid Daily Mirror which recently reported it.



         Winter may allow you more years to garden. A team at the University of California at Irvine report in the journal Science that those of us from cool climates are genetically selected to live longer and be less prone to age-related illnesses than out southern cousins. Over 50 Life is Nifty, read a sticker spotted on the back on an electric scooter.

         Scorching summers could become more common and killer heat waves are likely, says Dr. Christoph Schar, of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zurich [emphasis added]. Then again, may be not, climatology not being really an exact science, as every gardener knows.

         Global warming may seriously harm North Americas stronghold on the timber production industry, warns USA Today, citing a study from Ohio State University, Columbus.


Kyoto Kafuffles

         The Impact Group was not free to properly research the field in general, either. Instead, they were directed by the contract to base their report specifically on the material supplied to them by Environment Canada. The fact that the Impact Group still highlighted serious problems with the governments climate-change policies and entered some wonderfully discordant notes into their report, is greatly to their credit. Imagine what sort of report would have been generated if the contractor had been free to cite whatever research and interview whomever they thought relevant. Dr. Tim Ball, environmental consultant, letter, Financial Post,

         It was rather a forlorn party that took place one night last December at the Milan Conference Centre, reports Quirin Schiermeier from the journal Nature. The hundreds of delegates who attempted to commemorate the sixth birthday of the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change were not quite sure if it was a jubilee or a funeral, Russia having failed to ratify the treaty, so it would not come into force.


Genetic Modifications

         Monsantos controversial GM Roundup Ready wheat varieties will not be planted commercially in Canada this year. For unknown reasons, the biotech giant will not seek approval from the Prairie National Regional Recommending Committee on Grains (PRRCG) 2004 annual meeting in Saskatoon this month.

         The banning of Golden Rice, a GMO that may help prevent blindness in half a million children every year is rejected out of hand by these anti-humanists. Patrick Moore blames the EU, UN and radical environmentalists for their opposition to GM technology.

         Canadas farmland devoted to GM crops increased by 26 per cent last year, reports an international study.

         Saskatchewan farmer Percy Schmeiser is persistent. Not agreeing with the judge who dinged him for swiping Monsantos Roundup Ready canola seed, he has taken his case to the Supreme Court of Canada. Alas, sowing wild oats is one thing, seeding your fields with patented canola another, says Monsanto, although perhaps not quite in those words. Leave it to the lawyers they will surely profit.

         The journal Nature predicts genetically modified (GM) food will remain remote and off the menu for Europeans.

         California organic Ukiah Brewing Company in Mendocino County has successfully petitioned to get a question about banning the growth of genetically modified crops included in a forthcoming county ballot, reports the journal Nature, which notes it is a region known for its liberal political views, organic farming and illicit marijuana plantations.

         GM Crops Benefit the Environment, headlined New Scientist magazine, reporting on research by Richard Phipps of the School of Agriculture at the University of Reading in Berkshire, U.K., and his and colleague Richard Bennett, using what they call life-cycle analysis.


Law and Gardeners

         People will no experience at all will be applying pesticides because they can still buy them. Theyll be putting them on in amounts that they shouldnt be. Where as, with professionals, at least they were trained and licensed to do it properly. Toronto Councillor Doug Holyday expresses fears of the effects of the citys new anti-pesticide bylaw, due to kick-in 1st April All Fools Day

         Meanwhile, pesticide purveyors are not taking things lying down. Industry group CropLife Canada requests the Ontario Court of Appeal to overturn a lower court judges ruling that supported Torontos new pesticide- restrictive bylaw.

         As predicted, the countrys first major pesticide ban in Halifax has been a fiasco, with authorities deluged with pesticide application permit requests, reports Landscape Trades magazine. Another problem, common to all such bylaws everywhere, is lumping together homeowners and professionals in the permit process. While undoubtedly a bureaucratic and environmentalist nirvana, changes are expected.

         A northern Ontario man convicted of beating his wife is ordered as part of his two-year probation to buy her flowers by Justice John Kurkin, who first sentenced him to eight months imprisonment.

         Drugs and money laundering in the B.C. legislature? Post Mortem, the National Posts irreverent look at news, warns to be cautious if you find the horticulturist in charge of the public gardens is named Miguel and carries an Uzi, and the plant-filled atrium has been refitted with grow lights and an alarm system. Certainly advice not to be sniffed at.

         Health Canada clamps down on natural health products manufacturers, requiring natural remedies to be licensed, labelled with benefits as well as risks, and to meet minimum manufacturing standards.

         British Buddhist Edward James, 51, wins permission from his local district council to meditate in woodland he bought by the Crouch Estuary, Essex, reports Michael Kesterton in The Globe and Mail. The council gave its approval despite the fact Mr. James had changed the areas use from woodland to meditation woodland.

         The Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent comes into force this month, obliging exporting countries to inform the governments developing nations if someone in that country is trying to import any of 27 hazardous materials, including pesticides such as DDT and lindane, and industrial chemicals such as PCBs, reports New Scientist. Given the corruption levels of such governments, the effectiveness could be questioned.

         Black bears living in and around urban areas are up to a third less active and weigh up to 30 per cent more than their wilderness counterparts, writes Steve Newman in the Toronto Star. Foraging through commercial and residential garbage makes for easy living but researchers suggest local governments order bear-proof garbage containers be used. Cottagers and rural gardeners, please note.



         Ontarios Municipal Property Assessment Corp. decides maple sugaring shacks are industrial property and hikes sugar bush operators taxes six fold. You can always rely upon bungleaucrats, and those involved with taxes in particular. But then we know said taxes are used for such good purposes.

         As an industry, our work enhances lives by providing economic, social, educational, therapeutic, recreational, spiritual, health and environmental benefits, writes Tony DiGiovanni, Executive Director of Landscape Ontario in the trade journal Horticulture Review, who then goes on to list no less than 23 benefits of commercial horticulture.

         These are not happy days for natural health products in Canada. Sales have dropped by half in the past four years, estimates Gerry Harrington of the Nonprescription Drug Manufacturers Association of Canada.

         White Rose Home and Garden Centres Ltd. are not out of the woods yet nine stores are to be pruned from the beleaguered chain in St. Catharines, Barrie, Brantford, Sarnia, Kingston, Peterborough, Sudbury, Orleans and Bells Corners, leaving a dozen stores in operation.

         While appalled at the discovery of the illicit multi-million marijuana grow operation being conducted in the former Molson Brewery south of Barrie, Ontario, it is only fair to note the business was carried on without the assistance of farm subsidies or marketing boards.



         Why is it that land, as perfect as nature bestowed on all creatures, needs to be developed? And that developed is taken to be improved or bettered? Shades of 1984! Toronto resident Tom Atkinson in Wildflower magazine.

         The Danish Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation repudiates a report from its sub-agency Danish Committees on Scientific Dishonesty, finding that this committee was in itself less than honest when it claimed Danish scientist Bjorn Lomborg, author of The Skeptical Environmentalist, had committed acts of scientific dishonesty. City Gardening notes in passing that a committeeshas been described as a group of the unknowledgeable, assigned by the unwilling and unprepared, to figure out the unworkable way to do the unnecessary.

         We may eventually realize that trying to turn the clock back and recapture our original native plants may not be as easy or as beneficial to the environment, or to wildlife, as the native-plants-only advocates envisage. David Tomlinson, Landscape Trades magazine.

         The near-global restrictions on the production, export and use of DDT has led to the re-emergence of malaria, which has killed many more millions than have died to date, from AIDS, writes Elizabeth Nickson in the National Post.

         Just in time for the next West Nile virus season, environmentalists in Michigan propose that developers create new wetlands. From Ontarios friendly neighbours who exchange Torontos garbage for the green ash borer, now busily destroy every ash tree around Windsor.



         Cocoa beans contain concentrated polyphenols, a potent form of antioxidants, announces, quelle surprise, Barry Callebaut, the worlds biggest chocolate manufacturers. According to the Financial Times, research is to be undertaken in France and Canada to investigate if chocolate has the same benefits found when consumed by rats: helping reduce stress, put off ageing and protecting cells from disease.

         For the first time, a herbal supplement is banned by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Ephedra sinica, or Ma Huang, has been implicated in over 16,000 reports on adverse health effects, including 155 deaths in the U.S.  A voluntary recall issued by Health Canada a year ago has been admitted as failing to control the illegal sales. Apart from heart attacks and strokes, ephedra also causes psychosis, agitation and paranoia.

         Six or more cups of coffee a day significantly reduces the risk of adult-onset diabetes, announce researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health in Annals of Internal Medicine. No mention, however, of a study a few years back which established that the same increased the risk of arthritis.

         Gingko biloba is reported by Health Canada to have caused 21 suspected adverse reactions, including one fatality and a stroke.

         St. Johns wort is reported by Health Canada to have caused 45 suspected adverse reactions, most involving nervous system and psychiatric disorders, including mania.

         Echinacea is reported by Health Canada to have caused 23 suspected adverse reactions, including allergies (the plant is from the same family as ragweed) and one case of anaphylactic shock

         Overdoses of eucalyptus oil, used for colds and sinus problems, hay fever and asthma, amongst other things, can cause slurred speech and muscle weakness, and even leave you unconscious, notes New Scientist.

         The multibillion dollar boom in herbal medications threatens to destroy a fifth of the plant species on which it depends, reports Rob Edwards in New Scientist. The herbal medicines industry has been accused of doing nothing about it, he says. Two-thirds of the 50,000 medicinal plants in use are still harvested from the wild, and between 4,000 and 10,000 of them may now be endangered.




Tides of Time Theme Flows Through 8th Great Show

Roll up! Roll up! Roll up! Its the Greatest Show On Earth Or in Soil! Phineas Taylor Barnum might have exclaimed had he been promoting Canada Blooms.

Produced by an outstanding partnership of the professional Landscape Ontario and the amateur Garden Club of Toronto, Canada Blooms brings together members of both along with a plethora of landscape designers, garden societies and specialized clubs, artists, commercial retailers and volunteers at every level, all for this annual, five-day welcome to another seasons gardening.

Shake off shades of Canadas notorious winter cabin fever and head down to Metro Toronto Convention Centre South Building right alongside the CN Tower. Between 3 and 7 March you will be able stroll in serenity through some 30 magnificent feature gardens designed and installed by Canadas leading landscaping experts.  Over lush lawns, peaceful patios and plashing water, the scent of flowers hangs heavy from foliage and floral gardens.

Those with more limited space will not wish to miss pot container-friendly, balcony and rooftop gardens on display. Gather ideas also from the zen-like garden spas in the Olay Oasis or, for dog-owners, Paws Awhile at the Eukanuba Garden.

More than 250 market place vendors will display the best what is both traditional and new in gardening from around the world. Here, in the Crystal Springs Market Place, you find many of the both outdoor and indoor plants from the feature gardens for sale.

Dont miss this years official plant of the show, Hosta Frances Williams, luscious, large-leafed and looking for that shady spot. Part of the proceeds from purchases of the plant will go to community horticultural projects funded by Canada Blooms.

Feet already protesting and you havent even arrived yet? Take a seat in the 100-plus free workshops, seminars and demonstrations by some of the nations experts in horticulture, landscaping and floristry. Over 300 hours of advice await you.

Want to get the jump on the new plant offerings from international horticultural hybridizers? Dont miss Landscape Ontarios New Introductions for Tomorrow garden. View annuals, perennials and woody plants brought into leafy bloom in advance of the season.

The Backyard Dream Garden, presented by The Home Depot of Canada and designed by award-winning design/build Allweather Landscaping, features a 2,640-square-foot creation for outdoor living in your own backyard.

Discover how new gardens are put together by watching The Landscape Gardening College Competition, held right on the show floor, and see just what it takes in terms of talent and hard work as college students vie with each other to create the most imaginative garden.

Totalling a staggering third of a million square feet, Canada Blooms 2004 offers display gardens, horticultural and floristry exhibits, retail marketplace, plant societies and educational displays during the first week of March. One of the greatest annual gardening shows North America has to offer it is not to be missed.

Canada Blooms Tides of Time 2004 will run 3 to 7 March at Torontos Metro Convention Centre South Building, beside the CN Tower. Hours are 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. Wednesday through Saturday, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Sunday. Tickets are $18 at the door or $15 online ( and at selected retailers. Those wishing to avoid the hustle and bustle might try visiting after 3 p.m. weekdays, advise the experts. Driving and parking, never the easiest in downtown Toronto, can be avoided by taking the GO train or TTC subway to Union Station, then following the totally enclosed Skyway from the west end of the station to Canada Blooms


. . . And Now a Word About Canada Blooms 2004 Sponsors

As you browse the flowering halls and leafy glades of the eighth Canada Blooms, tip the garden hat to those vital but often under-appreciated organizations who stand beside all those often more highly visible at the show to produce this years extravaganza:

Presenting Sponsor


Media Partners






Feature Sponsors











Supporting Sponsors



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